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INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICAL RESEARCH

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IJPR included in UGC-Approved List of Journals - Ref. No. is SL. No. 4812 & J. No. 63703

Published by : Advanced Scientific Research
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0975-2366
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IJPR 9[3] July - September 2017 Special Issue

July - September 9[3] 2017

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Corruption schemes while purchasing medicinal products at the expense of state funds in Ukraine

Author: LARYSA ARKUSHA, VIKTOR ZAGORODNIY, NATALIIA FEDCHUN
Abstract: As we know, corruption is recognized as the most widespread abuse in the world, which accompanies purchases in various spheres of society’s life [16; 17]. Thus, corruption in procurement was manifested in 69% of cases in more than 2,400 fraudulent cases detected in organizations across all continents [15]. Since 2015 Ukraine is trying to reform the most corrupt system of public procurement – healthcare sector. According to the Deputy Minister of Health on European Integration O. Stefanishina, up to 40% of the funds were overexpended on the purchase of medicines, vaccines and medicinal products [11]. According to the Law of Ukraine “On Public Procurement”, the Ministry of Health of Ukraine (hereinafter – the MH of Ukraine), with the aim of improving the quality of procurement procedures, ensuring economy of budget funds and satisfying the needs of customers in the field of health care by medicinal products and medicines, has approved the Concept of the Reform of the Mechanisms of Public Procurement of Medicinal Products and Medicines (hereinafter – the Concept) by the order of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated from August 23, 2017, No. 582-r. In accordance with the Concept, the Centralized Procurement Organization (hereinafter – the CPO) was established, whose functions in 2019 were assigned to the State Enterprise “Medical Procurement of Ukraine”. Besides, in order to overcome corruption in the field of public procurement of medicines and medicinal products, the MH of Ukraine has been procuring medicines for the fifth consecutive year through international organizations (UNDP, UNICEF Children’s Fund and Crown Agents UK procurement agency [13]), which saved up to 40% of budget funds.
Keyword: NABU
DOI: https://doi.org/10.31838/ijpr/2020.12.03.213
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