Вітман Костянтин Миколайович

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  • Документ
    Законодавство України щодо реалізації Європейської хартії регіональних або міноритарних мов
    (Одеса : Видавництво «Юридика», 2023) Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Вітман, К. М.; Vitman, Kostiantyn M.
    Обрання адекватної моделі етнокультурного життя у тій чи іншій державі багато в чому закладає перспективи розвитку її соціально-політичних відносин, а в деяких випадках – і перспективи збереження і прогресу самої цієї держави.
  • Документ
    Prospects of Corporate Social Responsibility Development in the EU in Sustainable Development
    (Baltija Publishing, 2019) Сафончик, Оксана Іванівна; Сафончик, О. І.; Сафончик, Оксана Ивановна; Safonchyk, Oksana I.; Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Вітман, К. М.; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, Kostiantyn M.
    In the world practice, corporate social responsibility (CSR) is recognized an important component of sustainable development strategy, for which reason governments of many countries pay considerable attention to the promotion of CSR ideas at the national level, creating favourable conditions for socially responsible behaviour of national and foreign enterprises. The author aims to analyse the experience of regulation of corporate social responsibility policy in the EU Member States, to show the practice of national governments of the EU Member States in the field of CSR, and to determine prospects of corporate social responsibility at the modern development stage in view of implementing the concept of sustainable development. Summarizing approaches to the definition of CSR, it can be emphasized that CSR should positively influence society, in which the enterprise operates. It is a free choice in favour of increasing the welfare and moral and ethical values of society through appropriate approaches to doing business. Relations between enterprises both in the European Union and in other countries are increasingly based on the principles of CSR. Compliance with these principles becomes an important prerequisite for attracting foreign investment and obtaining government orders. In the international context, CSR is an efficient instrument to develop partnership and cooperation of countries in the context of achieving the Millennium Development Goals, to control the negative influence of the industrial sector on ecology, to prevent social crises, as a consequence, to ensure sustainable development of the world civilisation. Among the European institutions, the European Commission’s committees play a key role in disseminating the idea of CSR. One of the main factors in strengthening the EU economy is considered precisely the stable growth based on the rational use of resources, ecology, and competition. Plans of the Strategy for 2012–2015–2020 clearly show that the European Union intends to strengthen control over economic management and “voluntarily oblige” the business to follow the rules of CSR. The goal of a new CSR Strategy is to create conditions favourable for sustainable development, responsible business conduct, and permanent employment in the medium and long term. Key changes in comparison with the policy for 2010 – definition of corporate social responsibility as “Responsibility of enterprises for their impact on society” and rejection of the principle of voluntariness: “the European Commission recognizes that some regulations stimulate CSR, therefore, public authorities should support the CSR development by applying a mix of voluntary and regulatory policies”. As the study showed, the governments of the EU countries are actively engaged in the development and promotion of corporate social responsibility. The role of the state is manifested in the implementation of the following key functions: the state as a legislator and a controlling authority; the state as an employer; the state as a consumer and a buyer; the state as a partner; the state as an institutional investor; the state as a participant in international relations. The most significant results have been achieved by those EU Member States that use the systemic approach to CSR development. In these countries, responsible state structures have been formed that coordinate work in all areas. The approach to the choice of instruments is individual and is selected taking into account the priorities of the country’s socio-economic development and the importance of economic, environmental, and social aspects. An example of Great Britain, France, Belgium, Estonia, and Spain shows the possibility of successful CSR development.
  • Документ
    Certain aspects of interaction between the state and civil law in CIS countries
    (Rushing Water Publishers Ltd., 2019) Цуркан-Сайфуліна, Юлія Василівна; Цуркан-Сайфуліна, Ю. В.; Цуркан-Сайфулина, Юлия Васильевна; Tsurkan-Saifulina, Yuliia V.; Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Вітман, К. М.; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, Kostiantyn M.; Колодін, Денис Олексійович; Колодін, Д. О.; Колодин, Денис Алексеевич; Kolodin, Denys O.
    Today, globalization processes are increasingly entering people’s lives and condition the continuous development of society as a fundamental principle of modern progress. Globalization, as an association based on global guidelines and the introduction of advanced technologies, is one of the main factors influencing the change in understanding of the essence of the state and civil law, their interconnection and interdependence. In the framework of the article, the author has analysed the influence of the state policy of the CIS countries on the national civil law of the studied states; features of state law-making and formal certainty, the general obligation of national civil law in the CIS countries have been revealed; the influence of the state on the implementation of civil law has been determined, and vectors for reforming national civil law in the CIS countries have been established in the context of its interaction with the state. As a result of the study, it has been established that the state has the opportunity not only to interact with civil law, but also to actively influence its content, and to protect the right from violations; the characteristic features of the influence of the political course on the national civil law of the CIS countries have been determined; it has been stated that the most significant influence of the state on civil law is made directly in the field of law-making and law enforcement; the author’s definition of the concept “model law-making in the field of civil law in the CIS” has been proposed; it has been argued that it is very advisable to build a scientifically sound, effective and comprehensive legal policy of the CIS member states.
  • Документ
    Public administration of economic development in the context of the institutional theory
    (Baltija Publishing, 2018) Дудченко, Валентина Віталіївна; Дудченко, В. В.; Дудченко, Валентина Витальевна; Dudchenko, Valentyna V.; Dudchenko, Valentina V.; Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Вітман, К. М.; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, Kostiantyn M.; Vitman, Konstantin
    One of the priorities of socio-economic reform in Ukraine is the modernization of the structure of the national economy and its growth. An effective structure of the economy, which will correspond to a socially oriented model of economic growth and will be based on the use of both the country’s competitive advantages in the global division of labour and the economic benefits of cooperation, will guarantee the independence of any country and will be the key to its dynamic development. The development of economic theory is due to the emergence of fundamentally new ideas, sustainable accumulation of knowledge, intellectual and meaningful updating of established concepts and theories, the formation of new scientific schools. A new paradigm of economic theory should explain the real processes in real economies, which operate on the principles of complex systems of synergistic nature and the theory of nonlinear dynamics. There is a process of theoretical polystructuredness both of mainstream and heterodoxy. An important task is to form an interdisciplinary dialogue between economists and scientists, which stipulates the relevance of the research topic. The subject of the study is the theoretical and methodological foundations and approaches to state management of economic development in the context of the institutional theory. The purpose of the study is to determine the role and influence of public administration of the development of the economy in the context of institutional theory and to develop strategic goals of the state’s innovation policy. Methodology. Directions of correlation of the system of economic development of the country and the potential of the state development with the historical preconditions for the emergence and development of the institutional doctrine of economic theory are investigated. Based on the revealed interrelations, the necessity of using instruments of institutionalism for studying the economic development system is substantiated. The state, in all available ways, should encourage economic actors to develop and implement innovations, thereby creating favourable conditions for innovative and technological development of production, saturation of the domestic market with highly competitive goods and services, which, in turn, will strengthen export potential, fill the budgets of all levels, increase incomes of business entities, reduce unemployment and improve working conditions, increase social security of the population, and also strengthen the positive image of public administration and local self-government bodies. That is, the socio-economic development of the country depends directly on the innovation-technological potential and on the efficiency of public administration in its development at all levels of the economy. Conclusions. The author generalizes the theoretical and methodological foundations of the country’s development in the context of the institutional theory: the system of economic development of the state has a set of direct and indirect links with the historical background of the emergence and development of an institutional doctrine of economic theory; the revealed directions of correlation contribute to the formation of a scientific and methodological basis for further study of economic development and economic potential of a country (state) in the context of the institutional doctrine of economic theory in its relation to the public administration theory; the economic development of a country (state) depends on the institutional environment, in which it operates, and is both an object of its influence and a subject that determines its transformation. The author investigates the theoretical principles of state regulation of innovative and technological development of the country’s economy. The existing strategies and programs of innovative development and innovation activity in Ukraine are explored. The state of innovation and technology of the national economy and the potential of key sectors of the economy in terms of innovative development are analysed.
  • Документ
    Justification of the Subject of Cognition Problem in Modern Social and Legal Sciences Methodology
    (ASERS Publishing, 2018) Дудченко, Валентина Віталіївна; Дудченко, В. В.; Дудченко, Валентина Витальевна; Dudchenko, Valentyna V.; Dudchenko, Valentina V.; Цуркан-Сайфуліна, Юлія Василівна; Цуркан-Сайфуліна, Ю. В.; Цуркан-Сайфулина, Юлия Васильевна; Tsurkan-Saifulina, Yuliia V.; Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Вітман, К. М.; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, Kostiantyn M.
    The article is devoted to the study of the essential characteristics of the subject of cognition. The process of cognition, being one of the oldest issues in the history of humankind, has always been and remains highly relevant today. This is due to the irrepressible desire of a person to know the world around her/him and herself/himself. If the study of the surrounding world is basically the prerogative of the natural sciences, then self-cognition is the object of study in the humanities. The process of cognitive activity is considered by a number of the humanities and social sciences: philosophy (in a generalized sense), history, psychology, pedagogy, sociology, etc., but it begins to occupy a separate place in the philosophy of law. Modern human needs to know the measure, opportunity, freedom and responsibility of the process of cognition. In the article, from the point of view of critical realism, the current state of the methodology of cognition is analyzed and the necessary tendencies in changing the worldview and defining the new methodology of the humanities are substantiated. The experience of the post-Soviet countries with dogmatic ideology and destructive methodology was used as an illustrative material. It has been established that only a free-thinking subject and a methodology developed on the principles of the supremacy of spiritual values can improve the reverent approach to the person and the world as a whole and come closer to the cognition of absolute truth.
  • Документ
    Конфлікт у Північній Ірландії як приклад деструктивного етнополітичного процесу та загроза його відновлення після Brexit
    (Одеса : Гельветика, 2020) Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Витман, К. М.; Vitman, Kostiantyn M.
  • Документ
    Протидія проявам дезінтеграційних тенденцій (на прикладі процесу виходу Шотландії зі складу Великої Британії)
    (Одеса : Видавничий дім «Гельветика», 2018) Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, Kostiantyn M.
  • Документ
    Глокалізація як глобальна модель сучасних етнополітичних процесів
    (Одеса : Юридична література, 2016-05-20) Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, Konstantin M.
  • Документ
    Деконсолідація поліетнічного суспільства як виклик етнополітичній безпеці України
    (Одеса : Фенікс, 2014) Вітман, К. М.; Витман, К. М.; Vitman, K. M.
    Автор статті вважає, що попри труднощі, пов’язані з консолідацією поліетнічних суспільств, розколотих за ознакою етнічної, мовної, культурної, цивілі- заційної належності, демократичних альтернатив консолідації немає. Етнополітичний розкол, деконсолідація поліетнічного суспільства- перетворюється на головний виклик етнополітичній безпеці України. Задля його подолання Україна потребує якнайшвидшого напрацювання політики консолідації як невід’ємного елементу етнонаціональної політики держави.
  • Документ
    Недоліки антидискримінаційного законодавства України: проблеми усунення
    (Одеса : Фенікс, 2012) Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, Konstantin
  • Документ
    Антидискримінаційний закон у контексті формування етнонаціонального законодавства України
    (2012) Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, Konstantin
    The modern phase of Ukrainian anti-discriminal law formation is analysed. The comparative analysis and classification of drafts of 2012 year are made. Recommendations and amendments to anti-discriminal law are proposed.
  • Документ
    Криза толерантності
    (2011) Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, Konstantin
    The reasons and context of toleration crisis are investigated taking into consideration that toleration is foundation stone of poliethnic West European society.
  • Документ
    Роль референдуму в етнополітичних процесах пострадянського простору
    (2013) Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, K.
    The meaning of referendum in domestic and west ethnopolitologies, where it plays role of constructive political and legal mechanism of ethnic conflicts regulation is studied. Basing on post-Soviet referendums analysis the author made a conclusion of objective nature of referendum. The fact, that referendum takes place in most ethnopolitical processes – conflicts, autonomization, disintegration/integration proves the statement. The constructive or destructive role of referendum entirely depends on whom and for what purpose uses this political and legal mechanism.
  • Документ
    Особливості процесу сепаратизації в Україні
    (Одеса : Фенікс, 2014) Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Whitman, Konstantin N.
    Досліджуються витоки, причини та особливості процесу сепаратизації в Україні. Аналізуються основні механізми протидії феномену на предмет ефективності, демократичності та можливих етнополітичних наслідків.
  • Документ
    Основні суперечності сучасної етнонаціональної політики Азербайджану
    (2012) Вітман, Костянтин Миколайович; Витман, Константин Николаевич; Vitman, К.
    The modern period’s characteristics of Azerbaijan Republic ethnonational policy are studied. The closest attention is paid to key collisions of the protection of national minorities rights on the offi cial and practical level of ethnonational policy of the state.
  • Документ
    Етнологічні конфлікти пострадянського простору : сучасний етап розв'язання.
    (2012) Вітман, К.М.; Витман, К.М.; Vitman, K
    Comparative analysis of now-a-day resolving phase of Transdniestri and Nagorno-Karabakh ethnopolitical confl icts frozen on the stage of de-fact state formation was performed. The perspectives of confl icts regulation ar studied.
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    Зростання популярність ультраправих партий як загроза чинній моделі етнонаціональної політики України.
    (2011) Вітман, К.М.; Витман, К.Н.; Vitman, K
    The growing electoral ultra rightists popularity tendency influence on the content of Ukrainian ethnonational policy is analysed in the case of their programs realization.
  • Документ
    Этнонациональная политика постсоветских стран : общее и специфическое
    (Одеса, 2014) Витман, Константин Николаевич
    Изучается этнонациональная политика постсоветских стран. Раскрываются особенности регулирования этнонациональных отношений. Анализируется типология моделей этнонациональной политики, взаимоотношения между нацией-государством и этническими сообществами, национальными меньшинствами.